Russian cinema has always received the greatest audience response when it told stories about ordinary people. It became especially noticeable during the period of 1990s – 2000s. The collapse of the USSR, the instability of the state and society became quite a fertile ground for the development of criminal activity on Russian territory, which in its turn spread so much that it became personally familiar to almost every Russian. Banditry has brought chaos and fear into the lives of citizens and a new, hitherto not particularly popular plot into the Russian film industry. Who became the main character of such movies, what was so special about thuggery and are the echoes of the past still heard in modern cinema? Let's look into it in more detail.